Fidyah is only paid by one whose sickness (which renders them incapable of fasting) is permanent and there is no hope of recovery, or an extremely elderly person who is physically unable to fast. If one is likely to recover from their illness, they are not permitted to pay fidyah, rather they will be required to make qaḍāʾ of the missed fasts.

If an ill person is able to fast on the shortest days of the year, then fidyah will not suffice. One will need to make qaḍāʾ of the fasts which were left out.

The value of fidyah is the same as Ṣadaqat al-Fiṭr, which is 1.6 kg of wheat or 3.2 kg of barley or their equivalent monetary value in the area one resides. The present average value of 1.6kg of wheat is approximately £3.

It is permissible to give one poor person more than one fidyah a day.

The recipients of fidyah are the same as zakāh.

Sign up for a free account today and get access to a range of free Islamic courses.

Related articles